Labeling Dictionary

Labeling systems dictionary

Labeling Dictionary B

Backplane
A wiring board, usually constructed as a printed circuit, used to provide the required connections between logic, memory and I/O modules.
Backward scheduling
A method that calculates production and purchase order dates by taking a given order or operation due date and backing into the required start or release date based on the indicated lead time. The opposite of forward scheduling.
Balcony-style machine
Machine with cantilevered product transport area for ease of access and cleaning.
Bandwidth
Range (usually Hertz) over which a system operates.
Bar code
A series of horizontal stripes or bars of varying width which represent a string of characters that can be read by a bar code reader (scanner).
Bar code (Data Matrix)
A Data Matrix code is a two-dimensional matrix barcode consisting of black and white "cells" or modules arranged in either a square or rectangular pattern. ECC 200 is the newest version of Data Matrix.
Bar code (Human-Readable)
A human-readable medium or human-readable format is a representation of data or information that can be naturally read by humans.
Bar code quality ratings
The rating is done according to international standards for barcode quality. Grades are assigned based on the worst performing characteristic of the barcode. Passing grades are A, B or C. Grades of D or F indicate that the barcode was readable but was of poor quality.
Bar code reader
A movable or fixed device that scans a bar code and interprets the combination of bars and spaces to record a transaction or a status.
Bar coding
An automatic identification technology that encodes data in a printed pattern of varying-width bars and spaces, in accordance with pre-determined rules.
Bearing
A machine part in or on which a journal, shaft, axle, pin, or other part rotates, oscillates, or slides.
Belt conveyor
An endless fabric, rubber, plastic, leather, or metal belt operating over suitable drive, tail end and bend terminals and over belt idlers or slider bed for handling bulk materials, packages, or objects placed directly upon the belt.
Benchmark
A fixed point of reference or a standard for comparison, used to achieve excellence within the manufacturing firm; an outstanding example, appropriate for use as a model.
Benchmarking
An improvement process in which a company or organization compares its performance against best-in-class companies or organizations, determines how those companies or organizations achieved their performance levels, and uses the information to improve its own performance. The subjects that can be benchmarked include strategies, products/programs/services, operations, processes and procedures.
Best practices
Standard, published operating methods found to produce the best performance and results in a given industry or organization.
Bill of materials (BOM)
A listing of all the subassemblies, parts, and raw materials that go into a parent assembly. A list of components, ingredients, or materials needed to manufacture a product; the hierarchy of materials or components making up a product or subassembly including the proper ratios of quantities of each item.
Bin
A container for storing material.
Block diagram
An illustration in which essential units of any system are drawn in the form of blocks and their relationship(s) to each other are indicated by appropriate interconnecting lines. (2) In computer programming or business/manufacturing process flow(s), a graphical representation of data processing or workflow within a system.
Bottleneck
A choke point in the manufacturing process as a result of line imbalances. A resource that constrains the flow of production, inventory movement or data in a system. In a free-flowing system, the first place to restrict throughput when demand is raised.
Bright-stocking
Bright stocking is a method of production that is used when issues in the supply chain result in not all components being ready at the same time. Bright stocking allows to fill and seal a product without labeling it or going further into production until the rest of the components are available.
Brush
A conductor, usually composed of some element of carbon, serving to maintain an electrical connection between stationary and moving parts of a machine (i.e., commutator of a dc motor). This brush is mounted in a spring-loaded holder and positioned tangent to the commutator segments against which it "brushes." Pairs of brushes are equally spaced around the circumference of the commutator.
Brushless Servomotor
A class of servomotors which operates using electronic commutation of phase currents rather than electromechanical (brushes) commutation. Commutation is a function of rotor position. These motors typically have a permanent magnet rotor and wound stator.
Buffer
1) A machine station, in a multi-station system, that will automatically accept work in process (WIP) from upstream if the downstream stations are busy or if they have stopped operating. Buffers can increase the efficiency of a system.
Build to print
Fabricating, assembling and testing an assembly, or complete custom automation equipment based on the drawings and designs provided by a third-party such as a customer or outside engineering firm.
Builder
Machine assembler assigned to an individual project by the machinery or system supplier.
Bushing
(1) In machinery, a removable liner fixed in a bore to improve the bearing surface; (2) In chain, a renewable liner fixed in the barrel of a link, or center link, to provide an improved bearing surface; (3) in chain, a hollow cylinder used to space the sidebars and provide a bearing surface for the chain pin, and on which the rollers may or may not be mounted.
Buyer
An automation end-user (manufacturer who buys the automated machinery or system), an integrator (someone grouping machines into an automated system), or a team that procures the automated equipment.

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