Labeling Dictionary

Labeling systems dictionary

Labeling Dictionary F

Fabrication
The steps necessary to create custom automated equipment that meets the specifications of a buyer.
Fabricator
A company or team that can make a custom automation machine or system to specifications.
Facet
A three- or four- sided polygon element that represents a piece of a 3D polygonal mesh model. Triangular facets are used in STL files.
Facilitator
A person knowledgeable in process improvement, problem solving and group dynamics who assists teams and team leaders by serving as coach, communicator, coordinator, promoter and teacher as needed.
Factory acceptance testing (FAT)
Acceptance testing generally involves running a suite of tests on the completed product, component or system. Each individual test, known as a case, exercises a particular operating condition of the user's environment or feature of the system, and will result in a pass or fail outcome. The test environment is usually designed to be identical, or as close as possible, to the anticipated user's environment, including extremes of such. These test cases must each be accompanied by test case input data or a formal description of the operational activities (or both) to be performed—intended to thoroughly exercise the specific case—and a formal description of the expected results.
Factory automation
The process of integrating industrial machinery with the help of control software. This integration increases efficiency, productivity and quality while decreasing costs.
Fahrenheit
Fahrenheit is the temperature scale proposed in 1724 by, and named after, the physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit. On the Fahrenheit scale  the freezing point of water is 32 Fahrenheit (F) and the boiling point 212°F (at standard atmospheric pressure).
Fail safe device
A fail-safe or fail-secure device is one that, in the event of failure, responds in a way that will cause no harm, or at least a minimum of harm, to other devices or danger to personnel.
Failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA)
An FMEA is often the first step of a system reliability study. It involves reviewing as many components, assemblies, and subsystems as possible to identify failure modes, and their causes and effects. For each component, the failure modes and their resulting effects on the rest of the system are recorded in a specific FMEA worksheet.
FDA
See Food and Drug Administration.
FDS
See DDS.
Feedback
The return of part of the output of a machine, process, or system to the computer as input for another phase, especially for self-correction or control purposes.
Feeder
A conveyor or other device adapted to control the rate of delivery of packages or objects.
Fiber distributed data interface (FDDI)
A communications standard for networks.
Fiber optics
A data transmission medium using light conducted through glass or plastic fibers. A fiber-optic cable has cores capable of conducting modulated light signals by internal reflection
Fieldbus
A standard for digital communications between field devices and their control systems. Devices include flow, temperature, and pressure sensors and actuators of valves and motors.
Final documentation review
A part of the Factory Acceptance Testing procedure where the documentation supplied with the product, component or system is compared to the specific FAT requirements.
Final project sign-off
The process wherein the product, component or system is delivered to the customer, and the customer has formally accepted it (see FAT), so that the builder or service provider will no longer be responsible for any sort of further development, maintainance, or modification.
Finite scheduling
Scheduling software that takes into account that manufacturing resources-such as production capacity-are finite. Other constraints might include personnel, regulatory pressures, or materials, as in traditional MRP II.
Firmware
A computer program or software stored permanently in PROM or ROM.
Fixed automation (Hard automation)
Automated, electronically controlled system for built for a specific application. These systems are mainly used for large production runs where little flexibility is required.
Fixed rotation orienter
A component orienting approach that is generally used when a component is fed, but may be 180° out of orientation, and need to be 100% oriented before further processing.
Fixture
A device or attachment fastened to or propelled by the conveying medium; used for supporting or securing objects being processed as they are conveyed.
Flash memory
A RAM-ROM hybrid that can be erased and rewritten under software control. Such devices are divided into blocks, called sectors that are individually erasable. Flash memory is common in systems that require nonvolatile data storage at very low cost. In some cases, a large flash memory may even be used instead of a disk drive.
Flexible automation
The ability for a robot and system to be reconfigured and change product design easily. Productivity is increased due to minimized set-up times. The ability to switch quickly from one product to another by shortening set-up times.
Flexible manufacturing system
A system that integrates combinations of various types of capital equipment, primarily in metal-cutting applications. A system is flexible if it is capable of processing a number of different work-pieces simultaneously and automatically, with the machines in the system carrying out the system's operation in any sequence.
Floor conveyor
Any of several types of conveyors using chain, cable, or other linkage mounted near or flush with the floor for the purpose of assembling, or finishing built-up products and subassemblies.
Flow
The direction of travel of the product on the conveyor.
Flow process
A process manufacturing environment where material moves in a continuous stream instead of a discrete batch.
Flow rate
Actual speed or velocity of fluid movement.
FMEA
See Failure mode and effect analysis.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
The FDA is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety, tobacco products, dietary supplements, prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceutical drugs (medications), vaccines, biopharmaceuticals, blood transfusions, medical devices, electromagnetic radiation emitting devices (ERED), and veterinary products.
Forecasting
Systems that predict levels of weekly or monthly product activity over a time horizon, typically two years. General availability of PCs and user-friendly application programs mean forecasting can be done by educated generalists, particularly those with the best understanding of the factors impacting demand.
Forward scheduling
A scheduling method that begins with a specified start date and moves forward into time to calculate a due or completion date based on the lead time required. It assumes flexibility in the due date, but not the start date.
Frame
The structure which supports the machinery components.
Frequency
The number of recurrences of a periodic phenomenon in a unit of time, usually electronically specified in hertz (Hz) i.e., one cycle per second equals one hertz.
Friction clutch
Any clutch in which driving effort is developed by contact between pressure elements through friction alone. General use is for the purpose of engaging and disengaging revolving parts. Also used as a safety device to permit slip when overload occurs.
Function
(1) The characteristic actions, operations, or kind of work a person or thing is supposed to perform, e.g., the engineering function or the material-handling function. (2) The operation called for in a computer software instruction.
Functional gauging
A method used to check the product to ascertain its fitness for its intended use. Functional gauging is intentionally differentiated from dimensional (go/no-go) gauging.

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