Labeling Dictionary

Labeling systems dictionary

Labeling Dictionary I

I/O ("Input/Output")
In automation, a term encompassing all physical connection points between a control system and the sensors and actuators of the "real world."
I/O port
A channel through which data is transferred between an input or output device and the microprocessor. The port appears to the CPU as one or more memory addresses that it can use to send or receive data.
Idle time
The planned or actual time an operation is not engaged in run time, or the active production of a product. Idle time is typically scheduled, for setup, maintenance or other activities, or unscheduled due to lack of a required resource such as material.
Idler
A non-driven pulley, sprocket, roller or wheel on which a belt, cable, or chain is carried.
Idler roller
Any non-driven carrying roller of a live roller.
 
Image processing
Techniques for filtering, storing, and retrieving images, as well as for processing pictorial information by computer.
Implementation plan
A system installation or conversion plan that defines scope and goals, resources required, scheduled activities, scheduled activity durations, and actual project status. A high-level plan may communicate only major phases and milestones, while detail plans include specific descriptions of the individual tasks involved and the critical path.
Implementation team
Internal or external personnel who are responsible for the installation of a project or system. Team members include the project leader, functional team leaders, functional team members, and technical support and consultants as required. Team members may be assigned on a full-time basis, on a part-time basis as required for their area of responsibility, or on an ad-hoc basis to solve a specific issue.
Index time
The period during which a dynamic process is in motion.
Indexing
A method of control to obtain precise predetermined intermittent motions.
Indexing motion
Indexing in reference to motion is moving (or being moved) into a new position or location quickly and easily but also precisely.
Indexing assembly
In indexing assembly, multiple processes occur in between index cycles. Both the transfer of components and the assembly processes are performed during the dwell time. The index time limits the dwell time, increasing the acceleration required to transfer parts and limiting the equipment output. Indexing assembly typically requires less tooling and moving parts that continuous motion assembly.
Industrial equipment
Machinery capable of executing industrial operations.
Industrial robot
A manipulator that is designed to perform various programmed tasks during manufacturing. Industrial robots are automated by a program that controls its duties that tend to be dangerous or difficult for humans.
Industrial robotics
The idea of incorporation of a robot system for production.
Inference
Ability of a downstream trading partner to read the serial number of a case, and “infer” that the individual unit package-level serial numbers match the e-pedigree information supplied, without having to physically open the case and rescan each item.
In-house
A function or process using internal organization resources.
Input
The electrical signal measured at the input terminals which is produced by an applied output from a transducer.
Ink Jet (Continuous) or CIJ
A high-pressure pump directs liquid ink from a reservoir through a gunbody and a microscopic nozzle, creating a continuous stream of ink droplets.
Ink Jet (Thermal Transfer)
In the thermal inkjet process, the print cartridges contain a series of tiny chambers, each containing a heater, all of which are constructed by photolithography. To eject a droplet from each chamber, a pulse of current is passed through the heating element causing a rapid vaporization of the ink in the chamber to form a bubble, which causes a large pressure increase, propelling a droplet of ink onto the paper.
Inspection
Activities, such as measuring, examining, testing, gauging one or more characteristics of a product or service, and comparing these with specified requirements to determine conformity.
Installation qualification (IQ)
Demonstrates that the process or equipment meets all specifications, is installed correctly, and all required components and documentation needed for continued operation are installed and in place.
Instrument
The term for any item of electrical or electronic equipment designed to carry out a specific function or set of functions. A device for measuring the value of an observable attribute. The instrument may also control the value.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
An organization of engineering and electronics professionals notable for developing the IEEE 802 standards for the physical and data-link layers of local area networks following the ISO Open Systems Interconnection model.
Instrumentation
Systems of instruments used to observe and control a physical object or process.
Integrator
A company or group of companies which offer a full range of project planning, facility design, packaging automation, and process services in order to offer its customers a complete turn key project (also see Integration and Systems Integration).
Integrated circuit
A small, complete circuit of interconnected semiconductor devices such as transistors, capacitors, and resistors printed in a single silicon chip. A collection of electronic devices working together.
Integration
The joining of diverse technologies to obtain an advantage from their synergy or to obtain an advantage from the combination of processes to minimize operator labor required per part processed (also see System Integration).
Interface
The part of a system that represents the meeting of two entities. An operator interface is an accumulation of switches, indicators, and warning devices where the control electronics meet the human operator, allowing each to  act upon the indications from the other. An interface can also be as simple as the meeting of a gearbox and a base. A shared boundary between two pieces of equipment.
Interlock
A device that prevents a machine from initiating an operation until a condition or set of conditions is fulfilled.
Intrinsically Safe
An instrument which will not produce any spark or thermal effects under normal or abnormal conditions that will ignite a specified gas mixture.
Inventory management
The systematic determination of items and quantities to be ordered; the co-ordination of order release and order due dates; changes in the required quantities; and the rescheduling of planned orders.
IP code
The IP Code, Ingress Protection Rating sometimes also interpreted as International Protection Rating, classifies and rates the degree of protection provided against the intrusion of solid objects (including body parts like hands and fingers), dust, accidental contact, and water in mechanical casings and with electrical enclosures.
ISO
Abbreviation for International Standards Organization.
ISO 9000
A series of standards from the International Standards Organization that specify the internal procedures and documentation required to certify adherence to defined company processes supporting the overall quality management system.
Isolation
The reduction of the capacity of a system to respond to an external force by use of resilient isolating materials.

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